Improve cultural competence among students and Student Affairs staff.
Replace cultural competence with intercultural competence
Definition of intercultural competence
- A set of cognitive, affective, and behavioral skills and characteristics that support effective and appropriate interaction in a variety of cultural contexts. (Bennett, 2008 1).
Components of intercultural competence
(Deardorff, 2006 2)
Move from personal level (attitude) to interpersonal/interactive level outcomes.
- Requisite Attitudes
- Respect (value other cultures, cultural diversity)
- Openness (to intercultural learning and to people from other cultures, withholding judgment)
- Curiosity and discover (tolerating ambiguity and uncertainty)
- Knowledge, comprehension and skills
- Cultural self-awareness
- Deep understanding and knowledge of culture (including contexts, role and impact of culture, and others’ world view)
- Culture-specific information
- Sociolinguistic awareness
- Skills to listen, observe, and interpret
- Skills to analyze, evaluate, and relate
- Desired internal outcomes (informed frame of reference/filter shift)
- Adaptability to different communication styles and behaviors, adjustment to new cultural environment
- Flexibility: selecting and using appropriate communication styles and behaviors, cognitive flexibility
- Ethnorelative view: one’s own culture is experiences in the context of other cultures (vs. ethnocentrism: one’s own culture is experiences as central to reality in some way)
- Desired external outcomes
- Behaving and communicating effectively and appropriately (based on one’s intercultural knowledge, skills, and attitudes) to achieve one’s goals to some degree.
- Due to the complexity of intercultural competence, recommended and commonly used assessment methods are primarily qualitative in nature (e.g., student interviews, student paper/presentations, observations, student portfolios).
- The VALUE rubric 3 is recommended to assess students’ learning and progress on the listed outcomes (See Appendix A). The rubric can be used either as a grading or self-assessment tool.
 Bennett, J. M. (2008). Transformative training: Designing programs for culture learning. In M. A. Moodian (Ed.), Contemporary leadership and intercultural competence: Understanding and utilizing cultural diversity to build successful organizations (pp. 95-110). Sage.
 Deardorff, K. D. (2006). Identification and assessment of intercultural competence as a student outcome of internationalization. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10(3), 241-266.
 Association of American Colleges and Universities. (2009). Inquiry and analysis VALUE rubric. https://www.aacu.org/initiatives/value-initiative/value-rubrics/value-rubrics-inquiry-and-analysis